Working Group 4: Homeland Security, Homeland Defense, and Civil Support


(Updated 7 October 2014) 

Purpose:  The combination of traditional defense missions and Department of Defense (DoD) support of civil authorities is driving an unprecedented transformation within DoD.  In addition, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is endeavoring to establish an operations research focus to support a wide range of functions within the Department and to interact more effectively with other governmental and non-governmental entities.  We will endeavor to provide recommendations for cooperative interaction in a wide variety of scenarios that are brought to our attention through MORS events.  We recognize that collaboration, cooperation, and communication among agencies with similar missions is essential to the effective protection, prevention, and if necessary, response and recovery from threats to the US Homeland. This working group has evolved to consider and analyze both DHS and DoD missions in order foster better integration and now, as USG directs proactive interagency activity across organizations at every level, stands poised to facilitate opportunities for sharing and developing interagency interaction, research, and conversation. 

Discussion:  The past twelve years have seen a significant shift toward stronger and more integrated protection of our Homeland.  In 2002, the USG established DHS and DoD and expanded its Combatant Commands to include US Northern Command (USNORTHCOM). These organizations have expended great effort, along with local, state, and other Federal agencies, to create and maintain effective security plans, policies, operations, and strategies for the US Homeland.  This working group has evolved to consider and analyze both DHS and DoD missions in order to foster better integration.

Working Group 4 offers participants opportunities to:

  • Participate in a forum where Homeland Security and Homeland Defense perspectives are presented and discussed for the betterment of operations research and analytical methods across the whole of government.
  • Participate in recommending a common lexicon in which all agencies and organizations involved in protecting the Homeland are able to effectively communicate.
  • Review and discuss feasibility of any dual use technologies across Agencies, Industry partners, or academia      
  • Find a community of interest that encourages the sharing of the latest methods and findings of analytical activities across interagency boundaries to include state and local perspectives. 

Homeland security describes the intersection of evolving threats and hazards with the traditional governmental and civic responsibilities of civil defense, emergency response, law enforcement, customs, border control, perimeter protection, and immigration.  Ensuring Homeland Security demands joint actions and efforts across elements of government and society previously considered discrete and independent.

DHS has five core Homeland Security mission areas:  Prevent terrorism and enhancing security; secure and manage our borders; enforce and administer our immigration laws; safeguard and secure cyberspace; and ensure resilience to disasters.

In addition, DHS is focusing on maturing and strengthening the Homeland Security Enterprise itself, where the enterprise consists of the collective efforts and shared responsibilities of Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, nongovernmental, and private-sector partners--as well as individuals, families, and communities--to maintain critical homeland security capabilities.

DoD’s Homeland Defense and Civil Support missions have been instrumental in the transformation of how the DoD conducts its missions.  For example, traditional DoD command and control structure is from the top down, except when the mission is Defense Support to Civil Authorities, when military is in a support, rather than a lead role.  Meanwhile, the DHS has established a support structure that places command and control at the local level, affecting a coordination and collaboration outcome.  The linkages and differences between these command structures must be understood, and procedures to work within both structures must be developed and practiced for the most efficient and effective protection of the Homeland.  Bridging the gaps between these perspectives is a primary goal of this Working Group.

Other Working Groups:  Candidates for joint discussions with WG-4 include:

·      Strategic Operations National Security Analysis (WG-1)

·      Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Advanced Explosives (CBRNE) Defense (WG-2)

·      Infrastructure Analyses, Protection and Recovery (WG-3)

·      Information and Cyber Operations (WG-5)

·      Information, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (WG-7)

·      Casualty Estimation and Force Health Protection (WG-15)

·      Strategic Deployment and Distribution (WG-16)

·      Readiness (WG-19)

·      Analytic Support to Training (WG-20)

·      Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) (WG-25)

·      Cost Analysis (WG-26)

·      Decision Analysis (WG-27)

·      Modeling and Simulation (WG-28)

·      Wargaming (WG-30)

·      Special Operations and Irregular Warfare (WG-32)

·      Social Science Methods and Applications (WG-33)